ADVENT Bone Health FAQ

WHAT IS OSTEOPEROSIS?
OSTEOPEROSIS
The word Osteoperosis literally means porous bone, and is a disease in which the density and quality of bone are reduced. As bones become more porous and fragile, the risk of fracture is greatly increased. The loss of bone occurs silently and progressively. Often there are no symptoms until the first fracture occurs.

WHO IS AT RISK?
Both men and women age 60 and up, or those who have had a fragility fracture are at risk for osteoperosis. However, post-menopausal women and women age 45 and over have increased risk levels for suffering from this horrible disease. See below for more information on specific risk factors.
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WHY DOES BONE HEALTH MATTER?
RISK OF LIFE THREATENING FRACTURE
Bone Health matters because when our bones are not healthy, we are more likely to suffer a fragility fracture, such as a wrist, ankle, spine and hip fractures, many of which can be life threatening. Bone Health also matters because traditional methods and modern medical science have provided ways to positively effect your bone health.

THE FACTS ON BONE HEALTH
Osteoporosis causes more than 8.9 million fractures annually, resulting in an osteoporotic fracture every 3 seconds.

The combined lifetime risk for hip, forearm and vertebral fractures coming to clinical attention is around 40%, the same as the risk for cardiovascular disease.

Up to 80% of patients who have already had at least one osteoporotic fracture, are still not identified or treated.

Osteoporosis takes a huge personal and economic toll. In Europe, disability due to osteoporosis is greater than that caused by cancers (except for lung cancer) and is greater than that caused by a variety of moe well-known chronic diseases, such as arthritis, asthma and high blood pressure related heart disease.

Osteoporosis is estimated to affect 200 million women worldwide - approximately one-tenth of women aged 60, one-fifth of women aged 70, two-fifths of women aged 80 and two-thirds of women aged 90.

In women over 45 years of age, osteoporosis accounts for more days spent in the hospital than many other diseases, including diabetes, heart disease and breast cancer.

By 2050 hip fractures in men is projected to increase by 310% and by 240% in women.

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WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS FOR OSTEOPEROSIS?
FIXED RISK FACTORS
Although fixed risk factors cannot be changed, people need to be aware of them so that they can take steps to reduce bone mineral loss. Fixed risk factors also include what are called ‘secondary risk factors’ – disorders and medications that weaken bone and affect balance (heightening the risk of fracture due to falling).

Fixed risk factors include:
Age
Female gender
Family history of osteoporosis
Previous fracture
Ethnicity
Menopause/hysterectomy
Long term glucocorticoid therapy
Rheumatoid arthritis
Primary/secondary hypogonadism in men

CHANGEABLE RISK FACTORS
Many risk factors that directly impact bone health and result in a decreased bone density can be effected by patients.

These include:
Alcohol
Smoking
Low body mass index
Poor nutrition
Vitamin D deficiency
Eating disorders
Insufficient exercise
Low dietary calcium intake
Frequent falls
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HOW IS OSTEOPEROSIS DIAGNOSED and TREATED
DIAGNOSIS
Although a history of fragility fracture and lab tests are ways to help diagnose osteoporosis, a bone mineral density test is the best way to check your bone health. The most common method is called a DXA scan. This test can diagnose osteoporosis, check your risk of fracture, and see if treatments are making the bones stronger.

TREATMENT
At Advent Orthopaedics, we are committed to helping our community develop healthier bones and avoid the pain and trauma caused by Osteperosis. Our providers are educated in the use of advanced medicatoins as well as applying tried-and-true traditional techniques to ensure our patients have healthy bones.

Typical Treatments include the following:
A balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D
An exercise plan
A healthy lifestyle
Medications, if needed
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